Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prizes 2015
This year's recipients of the most important prize for early career researchers in Germany have been announced. The selection committee, appointed by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) and the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), has chosen ten researchers, five women and five men, to receive the 2015 Heinz Maier-Leibnitz Prizes. They will each be presented with the prize of 20,000 euros on 5 May in Berlin.
- Interner Link mit AnkerDr. Marian Burchardt
- Interner Link mit AnkerDr.-Ing. Jessica Burgner-Kahrs
- Interner Link mit AnkerDr. Pavel Levkin
- Interner Link mit AnkerDr. Soeren Lienkamp
- Interner Link mit AnkerDr.-Ing. Thomas Niendorf
- Interner Link mit AnkerProf. Dr. Stephan Packard
- Interner Link mit AnkerDr. Susanne Paulus
- Interner Link mit AnkerDr. Cynthia Sharma, Ph.D.
- Interner Link mit AnkerProf. Dr. Sarah Weigelt
- Interner Link mit AnkerPD Dr.-Ing. Xiaoxiang Zhu
Dr. Marian Burchardt, Empirical Social Research
How do state and religion interrelate and how does their relationship have an effect on social coexistence? Marian Burchardt, a sociologist of religion, has researched this issue in the USA, the Netherlands, South Africa and India and was able to use his ethnographic case studies to show that the borders between religion and politics come in many forms. As a result, he refers to "multiple secularities" that are tailored to the respective social problems for study, but at the same time express an orientation towards the Western world. In his dissertation, the social researcher used investigations into religious initiatives in South Africa to examine links between religion, sexuality and biomedicine concerning HIV/AIDS diseases. Burchardt is currently working on "Legal Regulations of Religious Pluralism" at the Max Planck Institute for the Study of Religious and Ethnic Diversity in Göttingen.
Dr.-Ing. Jessica Burgner-Kahrs, Mechatronics
As part of her Emmy Noether independent junior research group "Continuum Robots for Surgical Systems – CROSS" at the Hannover Centre for Mechatronics, Jessica Burgner-Kahrs is conducting research into how robots can be even better utilised for surgical applications. So-called continuum robots are fitted with tentacle-like arms made of several tiny superelastic tubes that can access difficult-to-reach spaces with minimal invasion, therefore creating new possibilities for surgery. The Emmy Noether Group is researching the principles of continuum robotics, e.g. path planning, sensor applications or space detection. In her doctoral thesis, Burgner-Kahrs was already able to develop a robotics system for automated bone cutting; as a postdoctoral researcher, she followed up with a highly esteemed system that was designed to drain haemorrhages from the cranium of stroke patients.
Dr. Pavel Levkin, Polymer Chemistry
Pavel Levkin, a polychemist, made his scientific breakthrough by synthesising new polymer systems that regulate the interaction between living cells and modified surface structures. Levkin developed molecular chip technology for this purpose which enables gene cells to be effectively manipulated. With his research, the Moscow-born scientist is working at the interface between polymer research, microtechnology and biomedical applications. He also uses his deep knowledge of chemical applications to find new approaches to biological issues. Levkin's research unit at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology works on strategies for modifying surfaces with porous biofilms on which living cells can grow.
Dr. Soeren Lienkamp, Medicine
The nephrologist Soeren Lienkamp focuses on the small tubes in the kidneys – the tubules – in which urine is produced. If the tubules are destroyed by a cystic disease, molecular processes may take place that are very similar to those seen in embryonic development. Lienkamp uses Xenopus laevis tadpoles as a model organism which he was able to analyse using confocal microscopy to see to what extent directional cell migration is responsible for tube formation. He presented the complex migration mechanism where cells in a rosette-based bond are used to narrow and elongate the tubes. Lienkamp has been part of a Clinical Research Unit on polycystic kidney disease since 2010. He also established a working group under the DFG’s Emmy Noether Programme that, since 2014, has been investigating how kidney cells differentiate and reprogramme themselves.
Dr.-Ing. Thomas Niendorf, Materials Engineering
Thomas Niendorf's specialist fields are materials science and materials engineering. In his work, he investigates how the manufacturing process and newly developed microstructures in materials create certain characteristics, e.g. resilience to damage. Niendorf already focused on how damage develops under cyclical and thermal stress in his dissertation in the DFG Research Unit "Mechanical Properties and Interfaces in Ultrafine Grained Materials". The current core research area as part of his Emmy Noether Group "Functionally Graded Structures from High Manganese Iron Based Alloys - From TWIP Effect to Superelasticity" is material fatigue in TWIP steel. Important aspects here include shape memory alloys and additive manufacturing (known as 3D printing).
Prof. Dr. Stephan Packard, Media Culture Studies
From quite elementary communication of feelings and emotions to the controlled use of symbols in propaganda to systems of symbols in fiction in media (e.g. film, television series or graphic novels): Stephan Packard focuses on symbolism and culturally constructed coding in social coexistence in his interdisciplinary works. He presented apparatus for psychosemiotic comic analysis in his dissertation on general and comparative literary studies. The researcher is now developing a historically ingrained semiotic theory of feelings and emotions that originates from the early 18th century in his habilitation dissertation. Packard is involved in the "Factual and Fictional Narration" Research Training Group and in the "German-Russian Contacts in the European Context" International Research Training Group.
Dr. Susanne Paulus, Ancient Near Eastern Studies
How did humans co-exist in the second millennium before Christ? Ancient Near Eastern studies rely on text sources such as clay tablets or stone inscriptions for answers to fundamental socio-historical issues. With her dissertation on Babylonian Kudurru inscriptions, philologist Susanne Paulus presented a highly regarded work in which she was the first person who was able to not only make the language of Akkadian texts accessible but also present an assessment from an economic historical and legal historical perspective. For example, the Kudurru inscriptions concern royal land grants and issuing property and sinecures in Mesopotamia, the modern-day Iraq. Based on her analysis of the text, Paulus was able to provide new insights into the social and administrative structures of Mesopotamia. The Münster-based researcher is currently exploring the chronology by which Babylonia and Elam established cultural relations with one another.
Dr. Cynthia Sharma, Ph.D., Infection Biology
Cynthia Sharma combines biophysics and bioinformatics with infection research in a unique way in her work: once she was able to analyse genome sequences and identify structural RNA elements in her diploma thesis, she developed a new sequencing method – the differential RNA-seq method – as part of her doctoral thesis at the Max Planck Institute for Infection Biology in Berlin. As a member of the DFG-funded Priority Programme "Prokaryotic Small Regulatory RNAs", she applied this method using the example of the Helicobacter pylori micro-organism, a rod-shaped bacterium which is blamed for some gastrointestinal diseases. Sharma's group is currently researching the gene-regulating function of bacteria using molecular-biological and biochemical approaches at the Research Center for Infectious Diseases of the University of Würzburg. This should help to improve understanding of the mechanisms used by pathogens to create an infection.
Prof. Dr. Sarah Weigelt, Psychology
You could say that Sarah Weigelt sees the world through the eyes of a child. She uses behavioural experiments and modern brain-imaging techniques to examine how the human visual brain develops. Her specialist field of developmental neuropsychology is a cross-section of brain research and developmental psychology and is still relatively new to Germany. Weigelt wrote her diploma thesis in psychology at the Max Planck Institute for Brain Research, where she was introduced to functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in Wolf Singer's department. She then used this in her dissertation to research conscious visual perception. As a postdoctoral fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, she acquired new insights in developmental psychology. In addition to visual development, junior professor Weigelt is also researching atypical vision in children with autism at the University of Bochum.
PD Dr.-Ing. Xiaoxiang Zhu, Geodesics
Current and future Earth observation missions depend on improved information gathering. Using new algorithms, geodesist Xiaoxiang Zhu plans to optimise remote sensing data and provide the foundations needed to design new satellite sensors. As a group leader at the German Aerospace Center, she develops modern signal processing methods, e.g. reconstructing poor signal strengths to improve resolution, reducing noise using non-local filters or reconstructing objects using robust estimators. Zhu travelled to Munich for the "Earth Oriented Space Science and Technology" international master's degree course and also obtained her doctorate there. After her habilitation, she became an honorary professor at the Technical University of Munich.