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From the Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft to the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft


Beginnings: 1920 to 1933 in the Weimar Republic

30 October 1920
Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft founded in Berlin on the initiative of Fritz Haber, "Father of the Notgemeinschaft", and Friedrich Schmidt-Ott, who became its first president
1920
Creation of a Donors' Association, Stifterverband der Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft e.V., for the purpose of acquiring additional funding in the form of private donations
1929
Consolidation and internal expansion results in the organisation being renamed: Deutsche Gemeinschaft zur Erhaltung und Förderung der Forschung, in short: "Forschungsgemeinschaft"

The Nazi Period: 1933 to 1945

1934
Schmidt-Ott and the Executive Committee of the Forschungsgemeinschaft resign
From 1934
The Nazis enforce political conformity with Nazi ideology on the Forschungsgemeinschaft, initially under the presidency of physicist Johannes Stark (1934-36), then under "military chemist" Rudolf Mentzel (1936-45), who implemented the Nazi leadership principle.

From 1949: New Beginning and Creation of the DFG in the Federal Republic of Germany

1949
Re-establishment in Bonn of the Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft on the initiative of universities, the Donors' Association and the State (Länder) Ministries of Education and Cultural Affairs
1949
On the initiative of Werner Heisenberg, constitution of a science and research policy focused Deutscher Forschungsrat with the support of the Max Planck Society and the Academies of Sciences and Humanities in Göttingen, Heidelberg and Munich
2 August 1951
Notgemeinschaft der Deutschen Wissenschaft and Deutscher Forschungsrat merge to form the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (German Research Foundation)
Since 1951
DFG Head Office in Bonn-Bad Godesberg
Since 1990
Funding activities of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft extend to include the territory of the unified Germany

Additional Information

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